Human Eye FPS vs AI: Why AI is Better

The human eye is an incredible piece of biological engineering, capable of processing vast amounts of visual information at lightning-fast speeds. However, when it comes to certain tasks, even the most sophisticated human eyes can't compete with the speed and accuracy of artificial intelligence. 

In this article, we'll explore the topic of human eye FPS (frames per second) versus AI and explain why AI is often superior when it comes to visual processing tasks. From facial recognition to license plate recognition, we'll delve into the ways in which AI is revolutionizing the field of computer vision and changing the way we interact with technology. So if you're curious about the cutting-edge technology that's reshaping our world, read on to discover why AI is rapidly becoming the go-to solution for visual processing tasks.

Related Reading: ALPR Software ROI by Industry 

Human Eye FPS: How Much Can We See? 

The concept of frames per second is commonly used in video and animation to describe how many frames are displayed per second to create the illusion of motion. However, when it comes to human vision, the concept of FPS is not quite applicable in the same way.

The human eye does not perceive visual information in discrete frames like a camera or computer monitor. Instead, the eye continuously gathers information and sends it to the brain, which processes and interprets the information as visual perception.

But our eyes can only perceive the visual clues in the environment around us at a certain rate due to how quickly they move. Although experts find it difficult to agree on a precise number, the general consensus is that the human eye FPS for most individuals is between 30 and 60 frames per second.

Human Eye FPS: How Much Can We See? 

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How Do We Process Visual Information? 

Human vision works by capturing and processing light that enters the eye. The eye consists of several structures that work together to allow us to see. The cornea and lens focus light onto the retina, which contains photoreceptor cells called rods and cones. These cells convert light into electrical signals that are transmitted to the brain via the optic nerve. The brain then processes these signals and interprets them as visual information.

Several factors can affect the accuracy of human vision, including the quality of the incoming light, the health of the eye's structures, and the brain's ability to process visual information. The clarity of the image that enters the eye depends on the shape of the cornea and lens, and any defects in these structures can cause blurry or distorted vision. 

How Do We Process Visual Information? 

How Many FPS Are Videos? 

Videos and movies are usually recorded and replayed at a frame rate of 24 to 30 frames per second. But we can’t really compare the experience of watching a movie to reality. Think about it. Your eyes take in the whole environment around you as one stream of information, unlike movies and videos, where you only see specifically defined areas.

How Fast Can Our Brains Process Visual Stimuli?

The speed at which our brains can process visual stimuli varies depending on various factors such as the complexity of the visual stimulus, the individual's attention level, and their visual processing abilities.

Research suggests that the human brain can process visual stimuli in as little as 13 milliseconds. This is the time it takes for the brain to process basic visual information, such as detecting simple shapes or colors.

However, for more complex visual information, such as facial recognition, it takes the brain longer to process the information. Studies have shown that the brain can recognize a face in as little as 100 milliseconds, but it may take up to 170 milliseconds to fully process facial features and emotions.

How Fast Can Our Brains Process Visual Stimuli?

Attention also plays a crucial role in visual processing speed. When an individual is paying close attention to a visual stimulus, they can process it much more quickly than if they were distracted or not focused on the stimulus.

What are the Limitations of Human Vision?

The human eye has a number of limitations when it comes to FPS. One of the main limitations is that we can only perceive a certain number of frames per second. Beyond a certain point, the additional frames become indistinguishable from one another, and the motion appears to be continuous. 

Another limitation is that our eyes require a certain amount of time to process each image. If the frames are displayed too quickly, our eyes may not have enough time to process the image before the next one appears.

How Many FPS Can AI/Computer Vision Process? 

The number of frames per second that AI computer vision can process depends on various factors, such as the complexity of the image processing task, the resolution of the input images, the computational power of the hardware used, and the efficiency of the AI algorithms and software implementation.

In general, modern AI and computer vision systems can process images at high frame rates, often in real-time, for a wide range of applications such as object detection, tracking, recognition, and segmentation. For example, some state-of-the-art object detection models can achieve FPS rates of up to hundreds or even thousands on high-end GPUs or dedicated hardware like TPUs.

However, it's worth noting that achieving high FPS rates often requires optimizing various components of the AI computer vision system, such as using efficient network architectures, reducing input image resolution, or implementing hardware acceleration techniques. The actual FPS performance can vary widely depending on these factors and the specific application requirements.

The Application of AI Computer Vision 

FPS is an important metric in the context of AI computer vision because it measures the rate at which an AI system can process images or videos. In many real-world applications, such as surveillance, robotics, and autonomous driving, it's critical to process images or videos in real time or at high speeds to make quick and accurate decisions.

Here are some examples of the importance of FPS in AI computer vision applications:

  • Object Detection: In object detection applications, such as tracking vehicles, number plates, or pedestrians, it's essential to process frames at high FPS rates to avoid missing objects or tracking inaccuracies. This can be critical for safety-critical applications like self-driving cars or when used by law enforcement agencies. 

  • Industrial Automation: In manufacturing, robotics, or other industrial automation applications, high FPS rates can ensure that the AI system can quickly identify defects or anomalies in products and take corrective actions.

  • Video Analytics: In security and surveillance applications, real-time video analytics can be used to detect and respond to threats or incidents, such as identifying suspicious behavior or recognizing unauthorized access.

  • Medical Imaging: In medical imaging applications, high FPS rates can help speed up diagnoses and treatment plans by quickly processing large volumes of images or videos.

Humans vs AI

AI and humans have different strengths when it comes to processing FPS and visual stimuli. In terms of raw processing power, AI can outperform humans in some tasks, particularly those that involve analyzing vast amounts of data quickly and accurately. However, humans are still superior in certain areas, such as processing visual information in real-world contexts and making judgments based on context and experience.

Humans have a remarkable ability to process visual information in real-time and extract meaningful insights from complex visual scenes, even when confronted with incomplete or ambiguous information. We are particularly adept at recognizing patterns, detecting subtle changes, and identifying anomalies or outliers in visual data. Humans can also use their experience and context to make inferences and judgments based on visual information, such as predicting the movements of objects or anticipating the behavior of others.

On the other hand, AI can outperform humans in tasks that involve analyzing vast amounts of data quickly and accurately. For example, AI can process massive datasets and extract patterns that might not be visible to the human eye, and it can also classify objects or recognize patterns with high accuracy and speed. It can also perform complex calculations and simulations that would be difficult or impossible for humans to do manually.

When it comes to complex environments with a lot going on, AI takes constant time to analyze everything in a single image or scene, whereas humans can only focus and analyze one section at a time. On the other hand, AI can only make simple general predictions about everything in a scene while humans have the ability to evaluate all the information either in isolation or as a whole and draw high-level conclusions from it. 

Humans vs AI

Why AI is Better

When it comes to FPS, artificial intelligence has several advantages over the human eye. One of the main advantages is that AI can process visual information much faster than the human eye. This allows AI to detect and track objects in real time, even in complex and rapidly changing environments. It can also analyze visual data at a much larger scale than the human eye, allowing it to identify patterns and anomalies that would be impossible for a human to detect.

It is a better option than traditional image processing techniques when it comes to handling complex tasks, such as object detection and recognition, with higher accuracy and efficiency. AI algorithms learn from data and improve over time, making them adaptable to new scenarios and environments. Tasks that typically require significant manual effort or expertise can also be automated using artificial intelligence, cutting costs and boosting productivity.

Examples of AI-Based FPS in Action

There are many examples of AI-based FPS in action today. One of the most common applications is in the field of facial recognition. AI algorithms can analyze video footage and detect faces in real time, even in low-light or crowded environments. This technology is used in a variety of applications, from security systems to social media platforms.

Another application is automated license plate recognition (ALPR). ALPR systems use computer vision and machine learning algorithms to automatically read and recognize license plate numbers from digital images or videos. These systems can be used for a variety of applications, such as traffic control, toll collection, parking management, and law enforcement. Humans can only scan a limited number of license plates in a given timeframe and often make mistakes due to fatigue, or distractions.

Sighthound ALPR

Sighthound ALPR+ is a cutting-edge solution that leverages the latest in machine learning technology to provide reliable and accurate license plate recognition capabilities. It is designed to capture and analyze license plate data from live video or pre-recorded footage, allowing law enforcement agencies, parking enforcement companies, and other organizations to quickly and accurately identify vehicles and track their movements. 

It can also be integrated with other software applications to enable advanced analytics and data visualization, making it a powerful tool for traffic management, crime prevention, and more. 

Get in touch with the Sighthound team to learn more.  


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